Indian Group Eyes Carbon Trade with U.S.
Delhi: A nonprofit group in India has partnered with the Chicago Climate
Exchange to help South Asian countries reduce greenhouse gases while
selling so-called "carbon credits" to polluting companies in the United
The Energy and Resources Institute, or TERI, said Tuesday it has entered
into an agreement with the Chicago Climate Exchange to facilitate
greenhouse gas reduction projects in India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal,
Bhutan and the Maldives.
The projects together will offset 1.5 million tons of carbon dioxide
emissions over 18 months.
Emission reduction initiatives may include switching to solar energy
supplies, tapping alternative fuel sources such as bio-fuel, and planting
trees that soak up carbon dioxide, said TERI official Vivek Kumar.
The Chicago Climate Exchange, or CCX, offers a marketplace for companies
in the United States that want to voluntarily cap their carbon emissions.
The system is similar to the Kyoto Protocol that allows countries
to buy and sell the right to pollute. Richer countries unable to meet
stringent emission reduction targets can buy carbon credits from developing
countries that aren't bound by the same emission limits.
Kumar said TERI will work with aid groups, agricultural organizations
and companies with operations in rural areas to identify projects
that can be recommended for trading on the CCX.
Once the projects are registered on the CCX, member companies can
buy what are called "verified emission rights." Each VER represents
one ton of carbon dioxide.
Europe has already enforced a mandatory carbon emissions trading program
following the Kyoto deal, and several Indian companies have sold carbon
credits worth millions of dollars to Western firms under the European
But in the United States, which has not signed the Kyoto agreement,
the CCX was set up for voluntary action by American companies, including
chemical maker DuPont Co., computer manufacturer IBM Corp. and electronics
maker Motorola Inc.
While the federal U.S. government is unlikely to make limits on carbon
emissions mandatory, U.S. executives anticipate a cap-and-trade program
at the state level within the next decade.
The move by the U.S. companies is part of a long-term strategy to
get a foothold in emissions-trading schemes, so that if U.S. regulations
become mandatory in the future, they will be able to lower emissions
FAIR USE NOTICE. This document contains copyrighted material whose use has not been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. India Resource Center is making this article available in our efforts to advance the understanding of corporate accountability, human rights, labor rights, social and environmental justice issues. We believe that this constitutes a 'fair use' of the copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the U.S. Copyright Law. If you wish to use this copyrighted material for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use,' you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.